|Last modified: 16-06-2020|
Here's how to take a Linux live distribution that runs off a USB keydrive, add/remove applications, customize other settings such as the background desktop picture, and save the changes into a new ISO file.
The only distro officially available in French is Mageia. Others can be available as unofficial distros built by users but not officially endorsed by the distro team.
Video: Intel, AMD/ATI, nVidia, Radeon. Try VESA instead (doesn't require video driver?)
SATA hard drive: data storage drivers much more important for data recovery solution than video drivers
Wifi: Realtek USB wireless adapter: WIFI not needed to recover data -> hook up USB key or external hard drive
Add menu to run lshw/dmidecode. How to e-mail infos?
Read up on VESA
Choose distro that satisfies requirements, and experiment with customization
Ask ?s on Slax
More information here.
French version of PuppyLinux
How to set options on USB: boot options (FR, ACPI on/off, Xvesa/Xorg, monitor definition, etc.)?
How to customize UI: double-click on icons instead of single-click, apps installed in menu, UI colors, etc.?
How to mount NTFS hard disk partitions automatically at boot time?
Available in FR?
UI not as nice as Slack
Like Slax, based on Slackware. Last updated 2010.
Last updated Apr 2012
To customise the Ubuntu Desktop LiveCd. To create a LiveCD from an existing installation, check Remastersys.
Remastersys is one of the tools available to customize an installed Linux system, and save it into an ISO file that you use to install that release on other PC's. For Debian/Ubuntu
As Remastersys is a GUI application (Python + Glade) you will have to run it in an X session.
Before running Remastersys, you might want to remove stuff you don't need.
du -sh /*
To make sure there are not .deb package files left in the cache in /var/cache/apt/archives, since you can (re)install applications by fetching them from a depot on the Net:
Note that uninstalling in application through apt-get won't remove the icons in the Unity bar.
"backs up your GNU/Linux server or workstation to tape, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R[W], DVD+R[W], NFS or hard disk partition. In the event of catastrophic data loss, you will be able to restore all of your data [or as much as you want], from bare metal if necessary."
"originally used primarily for the Debian distribution, but has since become available prominently on all distributions"
"Unlike Remastersys, does not use your running system to build the image. Instead, you follow a “wizard” and choose your configuration options as you go"
GUI frontend to the live-helper tool
VESA is the most basic video mode available, and doesn't require installing hardware-specific drivers (Intel, NVIDIA, ATI/AMD). In Linux, VESA is provided by the xf86-video-vesa module (no hardware acceleration besides shadow frame-buffer (ShadowFB) on CPU, no support for X-Video, no power management.)
Alternative to creating an extra partition on your USB device and use it for data storage.
"SquashFS is a compressed read-only file system for Linux. SquashFS compresses files, inodes and directories, and supports block sizes up to 1 MB for greater compression. [...] SquashFS is intended for general read-only file system use and in constrained block device/memory systems (e.g. embedded systems) where low overhead is needed. [...] It is often combined with a union mount filesystem, such as UnionFS or aufs, to provide a read-write environment for live Linux distributions"